Who Pays for The End-Of-Life Care?

As the leading Nursing Agency in London, we’re continuing our blog posts on the most asked questions.

The pandemic flipped the script on end-of-life care. There were insufficient beds, employees, and equipment. Thousands of patients perished as a result of their seclusion. The crisis is prompting much-needed industry changes.

When a significant rise in sickness and death is projected, failing to plan for proper palliative and hospice care is immoral. It risks damaging patient-family trust, long-term emotional wellbeing, and society’s essential values.

Because end-of-life decisions are based on a patient’s needs and financial capacities, financial perplexity can add to the pain and bewilderment. Here are some possible choices.

What Does End-of-Life Care Entail?

End-of-life care refers to the treatment given to a person nearing death in the final days, weeks, months or even years of their life.

Regardless of whether the patient’s disease is treatable or not, medical treatment and assistance are provided during this period. Many people receive medical treatment from professionals in hospitals, nursing homes, or even their own homes.

Patients are subsequently placed in palliative or hospice care, with Medicare, Medicaid, private insurance, charities, individuals, or other payment schemes covering the costs.

Who Covers the Costs of End-of-Life Care?

The National Health Service (NHS)

The NHS can assist you in paying for end-of-life care through the continuous healthcare programme (NHS CHC). The NHS CHC is not means-tested; thus, it is not dependent on your financial situation. If you’re qualified, the programme pays for all your social care, including care home costs and carers if you’re still living in your own home.

Not all terminally ill individuals are eligible for NHS CHC; you must have a complicated medical condition with continuous medical demands and be able to prove it, according to the NHS. It would be best if you were evaluated.

NHS-funded nursing care also helps with nursing costs if you need to be cared for in a nursing home. The NHS pays a fixed fee to the care home to cover the cost of your nursing care under this programme. This is also not a means-tested programme; thus, it is unrestricted by your financial situation.


National and local organisations can also assist with funding for end-of-life care and provide practical assistance, such as:

Free assistance, counselling, home visits, transportation to medical appointments, and guidance are all available.

They can provide you with information on the assistance you are entitled to and aid you in filling out applications and speaking with local authorities on your behalf.

Offer a one-time gift from a charity that focuses on your medical condition. Hospice care, including counselling, assistance, and medical treatment, is provided free of charge to patients reaching the end of their lives.

End-of-life care is not mandated to be paid for by charities. They can offer you crucial information and other sorts of aid that can make your end of life more pleasant and rewarding, even if they don’t always pay


While the NHS and local governments pay for the majority of end-of-life care, some people must pay for it themselves.

If you are not qualified for NHS end-of-life care and the local authorities judge that you have the financial resources to cover the costs, you are left with no alternative but to pay for yourself.

Those who must self-fund their care might utilise a variety of methods to collect income for their needs:

Rent revenue – Rather than selling their property, some homeowners rent it out and utilise the rental money to fund their care costs. You’ll need to supplement your income in most circumstances, which you may do with money from your pension or other sources.

Insurance — Insurance has become a more popular way to pay for end-of-life care. However, it would be best to make early arrangements for full coverage for this to work. If you have trust, it may be able to assist you in paying for end-of-life care.

Family and friends – It’s not uncommon for family and friends to band together to reimburse for end-of-life care. It isn’t frequent, but it isn’t impossible either.

Your house — The majority of people who do not qualify for NHS or local government funding can sell their property to pay for end-of-life care.

Difference Between Alzheimer’s and Dementia

As the leading Nursing Agency in London, we’re continuing our blog posts on the most asked questions.

Although these two words are frequently used interchangeably, they have pretty different meanings. Dementia is not a disease in and of itself. It’s an all-encompassing word, often known as an umbrella term, covering a wide variety of symptoms.

These symptoms influence a person’s capacity to carry out daily tasks independently. Symptoms that are common include:

  • Memory deterioration.
  • Changes in one’s ability to think.
  • Poor decision-making and thinking abilities.
  • The ability to focus and pay attention has deteriorated.
  • Language and communication abilities change.

Alzheimer’s disease is one kind of dementia, but it is far from the only one. Dementia can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Lewy body Dementia.
  • Frontotemporal dementia is a kind of dementia that affects the frontal lob
  • Vascular dementia is a kind of dementia that affects the blood vessels
  • Parkinson’s disease causes dementia.
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a kind of dementia.
  • Huntington’s disease is a neurological disorder.
  • Dementia with a mix of symptoms.

Alzheimer’s disease is the most well-known and frequent kind of dementia, although it does not affect everyone who has dementia.

What are the most common symptoms of dementia?

Alzheimer’s disease is the most prevalent kind of dementia. It often begins with recent memory loss and a steady deterioration in various cognitive functions, eventually leading to difficulties with everyday tasks over time. Dementia might manifest with the following symptoms in its early stages:

  • Changes in short-term memory are subtle.
  • Finding the correct words is difficult.
  • Changes in your mood/depression.
  • Completing usual (routine/familiar) duties is difficult.
  • Storylines are challenging to follow.
  • Deterioration in one’s sense of orientation.

What is the importance of early detection?

The degenerative mechanisms that cause Alzheimer’s disease start 10 to 20 years before symptoms appear and the condition is identified. As a result, early identification is critical for properly treating the symptoms.

It is advantageous to be able to receive an accurate and early diagnostic when cognitive symptoms begin to determine if one suffers or is at risk of suffering from Alzheimer’s disease:

When coping with recoverable forms of dementia

Psychoactive drugs, vitamin shortages, head trauma, tumours, different metabolic illnesses, hormonal disruption (thyroid), or infections can all produce temporary memory loss that can be recovered by effectively controlling the underlying cause.

The earlier the treatment, the better

Dementia treatment is often most successful when initiated early in the illness process. Although the medicine cannot cure neuronal degeneration, it can slow down the process and prevent further degradation, allowing patients to survive for a few months or years longer.

Early in the illness phase, diagnoses are more accurate

A more exact diagnosis can be made when a comprehensive history is gathered early in the illness process. When the individual in issue can answer questions about their mental wellbeing and disclose any problems, this can happen.

They should also be able to recollect or observe the logical sequence in which the symptoms first arose. Unfortunately, if all brain functions have been damaged, a reliable diagnosis is challenging to come by.

One can make the best judgments

Early diagnosis allows one to make better options that they may have neglected due to ignorance, such as moving away from family, breaking up with friends, or entering into financially demanding obligations.

One can make use of the following resources

Individuals identified early in the illness process can benefit from accessing health services and early-stage support groups and acquiring tips and tactics for managing and coping with the disease’s symptoms.


Dementia is treated in a variety of ways. Medications licensed to treat Alzheimer’s disease are frequently used to treat other types of dementia. While some patients report that these drugs have no effect, others claim that they temporarily enhance cognitive function and reduce dementia.

Non-drug measures such as keeping a daily schedule, adjusting how caregivers interact with the person with dementia, and concentrating on nonverbal communication from your beloved ones are other ways to adapt to changes in cognition and behaviour.


Although there is no sure-fire strategy to avoid dementia, evidence shows that keeping your brain busy, being sociable, getting regular physical activity, maintaining excellent heart health, and eating a balanced diet can help lower your risk of Alzheimer’s and others forms of dementia.

Why Do You Want to Be a Nurse?

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Whether you’re looking to study nursing or you’re looking for a nursing job, there’s one question that will always linger around – “Why do you want to be a nurse?” It’s not only a question you need to know how to answer but could also shape your nursing career and ensure you’re following the right career path.

Reason to be a Nurse

The first time you need to answer the question “why do you want to be a nurse?” is when you’re in school. There’s more to nursing than the working opportunities and salary. What drives you to be a nurse will fuel you to give it your best even when it gets tough. Some of the reasons why people become nurses include;

Nurses make a real difference

A nurse’s job description is more than performing medical tasks. As a nurse, you can make a real difference in the lives of people you work with. You can give your patients hope, usually during the worst and most difficult times of their lives.

Nurses can counsel patients and their families after a devastating diagnosis. You can also celebrate with them when they get good news, and during the treatment period, you become a trusted confidant.

Nursing degrees are common

For a job that is so satisfying, it’s surprising that nursing degrees are quite common. Health professions are among the top associate degrees. In most cases, large cities have some colleges and universities that offer BSN and ADN programs.

You can find a job quickly

It is relatively easy to get into the workforce with the right certifications. It makes it easy for you to get back to school while working on your bachelor’s degree. You can get a job after graduating from an accredited two-year associate program.

High level of job satisfaction

Job satisfaction in the nursing career is extremely high. Most nurses would almost always encourage other people to join the nursing career. This is more so the case when the nurses are well supported by their employer. Helping patients feel better and making the world a better place has a way of making you feel more satisfied with your job and making you feel that what you do matters.

Do some exciting work

Nursing is a diverse field. Each day, you’re working with new patients. Whether you’re working in a clinic, hospital, or office, there’s no dull day in the nursing field. You get to work with dedicated people learning new things in the health industry. Also, depending on your situation, you work fewer hours, and if you love travelling, you can also go into travel nursing.

Why Do You Want to do Nursing?

In almost every nursing job interview you go to, the interviewer will ask you, “Why do you want to do nursing?” That’s because, beyond qualification, most nurses have a reason why they love the field and want to work here. How you answer this question could very well determine if you get the job or not.

Although you might have the qualifications and the passion, knowing how to approach this question is critical. It will help you pass many nursing position interviews and take advantage of every opportunity you get in nursing.

There are several steps you should take to plan your answer before the interview. If you have to, write down what you want to say, but avoid memorising the answer. A few tips to consider when answering this question include;

Be genuine

Don’t get lost in trying to make up an answer that you think will sound good to interviewers. Simply reflect on your core values and the reasons that led you to make a career in nursing in the first place. Think about what in the nursing field excites you or makes you feel happy or fulfilled. Consider how nursing relates to your skills and values and what you hope to achieve as a nurse.

Make it personal

Giving a personal story about why you want to be a nurse provides the potential employer special insight into your personal value with some context. Sharing personal anecdotes will also differentiate you from other candidates who share the same background.

This question is an opportunity for you to identify and articulate what motivates you to be a better nurse and a better person in life.

Share your experiences

You can use your background and experiences to give a comprehensive answer that paints a clear picture of your core values and why you want to pursue a career in nursing. Share any previous experiences you’ve had helping people like critical care patients, seniors, or children. Share the details in your answer.

Example Answer

“A few years ago, my brother was seriously sick. Nurses played a critical role in his recovery. They were there with us throughout the process, ensuring he was taken care of, comfortable and that we were updated. They went overboard to find out how we were doing every time we could to see him, and I could see the love and passion in what they were doing. I would love to make my patients and those close and dear to them feel the same way those nurses made us feel. That’s why I’m here.

How to Become a Nurse Without Qualifications

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Nursing is one of the most satisfying jobs and one of the most demanding. Although many people have a passion for nursing, getting the right academic qualifications to pursue nursing doesn’t come easy.

If you’re still considering nursing as your dream profession without the proper qualification, you will be happy to know there are ways you can get your nursing certification. However, this might prove to be a longer path to your dream career, but it will get you there nonetheless.

Qualifications for University Nursing Courses

Before looking at alternative ways of getting your nursing certification, it’s essential to consider the entry requirements for a nursing course at university.

You will need a minimum of five GCSEs at grade 4/C or above, most likely in English language, literature, or a science subject. You will also need two A-Levels or equivalent level 3 qualifications for an undergraduate degree.

Some universities might require only three A-Levels or equivalent. You can also study for a postgraduate qualification through an accelerated program if you already have a degree.

Is It Possible To Become a Nurse Without A-Levels?

If you missed on the traditional A-Levels, your dream of pursuing a career in nursing is still alive. There are other routes you can use to become a nurse with the qualifications and experience you have.

First, A-Levels are not mandatory for a nursing course in the UK, but you will need a recognised level 3 diploma in Nursing UK alternative to get a university degree.

If you have GCSEs at grade C or above, you can take the Access to HE Diploma route, which will allow you to get into university without A Levels.

The Access to HE Diploma (nursing) includes;

  • Three modules on Study Skills
  • 16 modules on notions of biology, physiology, anatomy, social care and health.

Can I Become a Nurse Without a BSN?

Having a BSN is an added advantage in nursing. But it is not mandatory. You also don’t need a nursing background to become a nurse practitioner. However, you will need a graduate or advanced degree to become licensed as a nurse practitioner.

There is also some registered nurse (RN) to master of science in nursing (MSN) programs that don’t require a BSN to pursue.

How to Become a Nurse Practitioner Without a BSN

There are two paths you can follow to become a nurse practitioner if you don’t have a BSN;

  1. Become a Registered Nurse

As an RN, you may have an associate degree, or you may have completed approved nursing education to get licensed as a registered nurse. A direct-entry MSN program will prepare you to pursue RN licensure if you’re a career changer.

  1. Earn your MSN Degree

The other avenue is to pursue MSN programs. The RN to MSN programs offer nurse practitioners specialisations. They take around two years to complete and might include upper-level nursing bachelor’s courses before the RN can begin the MSN graduate courses.

Alternative Routes to a Nursing Degree

Some universities offer a foundation year if you want to become a nurse without the necessary entry qualifications.

Foundation courses allow you to start university straightway. However, they add a whole year to your studies, and they might be a little expensive too.

Access to higher education nursing

If you don’t have the relevant Level 3 Science qualification but don’t want to go through the extra year of foundation classes, the Access to Nursing Course is one of the most popular alternatives.

Access to Higher Education Diploma in Nursing prepares students for studies as undergraduates in nursing at university. The course is designed for anyone who wants to study for a nursing degree but doesn’t have the relevant qualifications.

The course is recognised by almost all universities in the UK. It is perfect for students that don’t have an A-Level in Biology or other Sciences. With this course and the relevant GCSEs, you can proceed to study for a nursing degree.

Nursing degree apprenticeships

Nursing degree apprenticeships are another alternative route into nursing. This approach is more flexible, but it could take up to 4 years to complete and require you to complete a nursing degree while on the job.

Even with the nursing degree apprenticeship, you will still need a Level 3 qualification because you will be studying at a degree level. So, if you lack the proper A-Level qualifications, Access to HE Nursing is your best option.

The shortest and most productive path to a nursing career is highly restrictive and has high standards, which some people with a passion for nursing might not meet. But there are alternative routes you can use depending on your qualifications and previous relevant degrees. They might take you more time, but they will get you closer to your dream career.

Basics of Clinical Supervision in Nursing

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The concept of clinical supervision is not a new one. It has been well established for many years across various healthcare disciplines, including midwifery, mental healthcare and nursing. As a nurse, it is important to understand what it is, the benefits, and how it applies to the healthcare field, among other basics.

Clinical supervision in nursing can help develop, strengthen and enhance accountability among nurses improve skills and healthcare quality among patients.

What is Clinical Supervision in Nursing?

Clinical supervision in nursing is associated with both education and skill-building in the nursing field. It is an activity that allows for reflection between skilled nursing supervisors and newly seasoned nurses.

In each supervision session, the supervisor and the supervisee build strong bonds based on respect, expertise and respect. Contrary to popular opinion, where supervision is ill-thought, the purpose of clinical supervision is to increase transparency and accountability. The benefits of clinical supervision extend from the nurses to the patients and the organisation where the nurses work when implemented correctly.

Types of Clinical Supervision

There are various ways that clinical supervision can be completed in nursing, depending on the environment and nature of the work at hand.

There is no definitive method of completing the sessions. It largely depends on where you work and the policies of your employers. However, the methods of clinical supervision can be classified as follows;

One-to-one supervision

This type of clinical nursing supervision in the nursing field is strictly between the nurse and the clinical supervisor. Both medical professionals work closely and share the same field of speciality. Under this type of supervision, trust develops between the supervisor and the nurse. The two professionals can share feedback on improving nursing skills and service delivery without worrying about the judgment of their peers.

One-to-one peer supervision

One-to-one peer supervision is between two nurses of equal status. In this type of clinical supervision, the nurses take turns supervising each other. Under this arrangement, there is no supervisor or superior authority figure in the process. This allows for independence, and it also strengthens the problem-solving techniques that the nurses can come up with.

Although effective, one-to-one peer supervision is not recommended for inexperienced nurses or nurses that require a more structured level of clinical supervision. It works best with nurses who are extremely experienced in their areas of practice.

Group supervision

This is a more common arrangement among nurses in large hospitals. This type of supervision involves a group of nurses under the supervision of one clinical supervisor. Typically, the nurses will share critical details of their caseloads. They can take turns presenting a case to the group and receive feedback on how to improve their nursing skills and treatment ideas.

Group supervision allows nurses to receive various perspectives of their case. It promotes open-mindedness during the supervision process and encourages nurses to think broadly about how to overcome the various challenges they face in their line of work.

Peer group supervision

This clinical supervision approach is similar to one-to-one peer supervision. The only difference is, in this style of supervision, a group of nurses of the equal status meet to discuss their caseloads and the challenges they are experiencing.

It’s a challenging type of supervision that can easily degenerate into informalities taking away from the issues that need to be discussed. On the positive side, this also allows the nurses to discuss their personal experiences more openly. It allows each nurse to be more forthcoming with information and with each other since there is no authority figure in the mix.

Functions of Clinical Supervision For Nursing

Clinical supervision for nursing serves three functions;

  • Normative – Normative supervisions are about reviewing current standards maintaining and developing the standards of care. Areas of focus include safety, quality practices and ethics.
  • Formative – Formative clinical supervision aims at developing professional knowledge and skills among nurses. It embraces the concept of reflection and applying theory to practice.
  • Restorative – This function of clinical supervision is a supportive element that focuses on self-awareness and self-development among nurses.

In each of these categories, there are key aspects of clinical supervision identified with various objectives as per the framework. It’s just as important for the nurses as it is for the supervisors to know the relevant topics to bring to the sessions that might help, more so when starting out, so there is no shortage of focus and discussion areas.

Benefits of Clinical Supervision for Nurses

Clinical supervision, when executed the right way, can have numerous benefits for nurses aside from improving the general quality of healthcare. These benefits include;

  • The nurses can feel supported.
  • Less stress, burnout and work-related absence and sicknesses.
  • Personal and professional development.
  • Be less inclined to leave the profession.
  • Better confidence levels.
  • Better competence and clinical knowledge.

What Is Self-Awareness in Nursing?

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Being a great nurse takes more than good training. There are other numerous characteristics and qualities that good nurses have. Some come naturally, and others are acquired in the field of practice.

One of the most commonly stressed qualities which come to some nurses naturally but is acquired in others is self-awareness. It plays a critical role in the health of nurses and also in the quality of care they provide to their patients.

What is Self-Awareness in Nursing?

Self-awareness in nursing is about identifying your internal state, intuition, preference and resources. Self-awareness is an essential tool that positively affects patients by bridging the relationship between them and the nurses.

Self-awareness also helps nurses to analyse and guide behaviour in a genuine way that not only improves them as people and professionals but also the quality of care they provide to patients.

Why is Self-Awareness Important in Nursing?

There are numerous benefits and reasons why nurses should take self-awareness seriously. Some of the reasons why self-awareness is important to include:

It helps build a therapeutic relationship

Fostering a positive relationship between the caregiver and the patient is critical in quality healthcare delivery and patient safety. Self-awareness can help caregivers analyse and adjust their behaviour in the most genuine way possible to foster a therapeutic environment that promotes interpersonal relationships between the caregiver and the patient.

This can drastically boost the progress and enhance the quality of the recovery process. On the part of caregivers, self-awareness helps them process stress and other unresolved emotions, which allows them to provide better services.

Understand clients better

Understanding your clients is critical in helping you attend to their needs. This is more so the case when working with the elderly. Clients might have a hard time controlling their emotions and even understanding themselves. Being self-aware can help you better understand the patient’s emotions and condition and see where they’re coming from.

Self-aware nurses can react more appropriately to situations and assess the behaviours of other nurses and healthcare providers, and helping them realise that each client has unique needs and thoughts and how they can adjust to meet these needs.

It promotes empathy

Empathy is a vital quality in the healthcare industry. It comes with emotional intelligence and plays a critical role in ensuring nurses and other health providers can deliver better quality healthcare.

Empathy is particularly important among nurses who work with the elderly, often plagued by sadness, among other negative feelings.

It is common for most elderly people to go for over a month without speaking to a friend, neighbour, or family member. The tendency to feel lonely and vulnerable among such patients is high. Caring for the needs as much emotional care as physical care.

Self-aware nurses are more emphatic about the patient’s feelings and have the necessary emotional intelligence to provide proper care.

How to Increase Self-Awareness

Though a critical trait in the best nurses, self-awareness doesn’t come naturally to all nurses. Even to those that it comes naturally to, there is still room for improvement. There are a few ways you can improve your self-awareness to better take care of yourself and your clients. Some of the ways you can improve self-awareness include:

Observing yourself

In order to understand your personality, you need to understand the nature of your mind. The subconscious mind has vast impressions that are buried deep inside. These are hard to uncover and analyse. As you go through the day, it’s important to remain alert and objective about how the mind works and responds to various stimuli. It is a critical step in overcoming negative emotions and reactions and improving how you respond to various stimuli and reactions.

Getting feedback from your peers

Another exceptional method of improving your self-awareness is encouraging your peers to share feedback on responding to various situations. Typically, most of these reactions are subconscious and you’re probably not aware of them. Having someone mention them so you can bring them to fold and help you adjust your behaviour. Knowing your peers and fellow workmates are checking up on you also ensures you’re constantly thinking about how you respond to adapt to different situations.

In retrospect, you can also observe other nurses highlight any mistakes you notice and bring them to their attention. Not only does this help you improve you bring such matters to light, but it also helps you be aware of your own actions.

Final Thoughts

Becoming self-aware does not help you become a better nurse and caregiver but also allows you to overcome personality defects that could otherwise affect your performance and how you relate with your clients.

Being in a demanding field like nursing, it’s easy to become emotionally unstable, restless and upset. Self-awareness can help you keep yourself in check keep your mental health and overall health in check.

What is Adult Nursing?

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Nursing is a highly rewarding field not only in terms of job satisfaction but also in the payment packages. Like other jobs, there are different fields of nursing that leverage different skills and characters. Adult nursing is one of them.

To be an adult nurse, you need to be centred, understand the different needs, values and beliefs of your patient and the communities they come from. This type of nursing requires ongoing decision-making for the comfort and improvement of the patient.

What is Adult Nursing?

Most people think adult nursing is for the elderly. But adult nursing caters to adults from 18 years old and above in various settings, including hospitals and home care. The level of dependency in the patients varies widely. Sometimes, adult nursing is also referred to as general nursing.

Adult nurses need to have the skills, physical, psychological and social power to meet the patient’s needs and support them through their care pathways. Adult nurses should also be able to work with other health care and social care professionals to maximise the patient’s recovery, rehabilitation and adaptation to their condition.

Career Overview of an Adult Nurse

Adult nursing is a dynamic carrier. The job isn’t limited to treating the patient only but also extending support to their families.

Adult nurses have multiple responsibilities that include helping doctors diagnose patients, providing advice, taking care of the paperwork and follow-up care. There are also a lot of opportunities in this career with lucrative salaries and job sectors.

Adult nurses are the main point of contact for adult patients and their families. The nurses also play a vital role in medical and professional staff teams. They are a critical part of healthcare teams that include doctors and healthcare assistants.

A qualified adult nurse can work in various settings that include hospital and community settings. The latter includes a care home or home-based patient care.

What to Expect as an Adult Nurse?

Saying that the adult nurse career is challenging is an understatement. While you will face your fair share of challenges as an adult nurse, there are equally plenty of opportunities that will improve your career and make the job more satisfying. Some of the expectations in a career as an adult nurse include:

  • Flexible working hours. In some settings, you can work according to your choice of shift.
  • Your work environment and conditions will change depending on where you work. Some of the common work environments adult nurses will find themselves in include hospitals, wards, or patients’ homes. In some cases, you might be in charge of several patients in a ward, and in other cases, you might be tasked with looking after one or two patients in a high dependency unit or intensive care.
  • Opportunities for career breaks and retraining are plenty in the adult nursing field in a short time, especially when you decide to work overseas.
  • You have the option of working as a freelance consultant through agencies as a private nurse.
  • Adult nursing is a physically and emotionally demanding job most of the time. It is also remarkably satisfying when the condition of the patient improves.

The Responsibilities of an Adult Nurse

A typical day at work for an adult nurse can be a challenging but exciting adventure. Your responsibilities change rapidly and drastically depending on your role and area of nursing. Your tasks will also vary. Some of the typical responsibilities of an adult nurse include;

  • Helping doctors with examinations and determining the best care to give to patients.
  • Responding quickly to emergencies
  • Writing patient care plans
  • Implements some plans for various tasks, including preparing patients for operations, monitoring pulse, temperature and blood pressure, and treating wounds.
  • Recording and observing the patients’ condition
  • Mentoring junior and student nurses
  • Supplying blood transfusions and drips.
  • Using specialist equipment
  • Gaining the trust and confidence of each patient you work with
  • Monitoring and recording the progress of the patient
  • Supporting the patient and their families.

Where Do Adult Nurses Work?

There are numerous opportunities and various fields where qualified nurses can work. Typically, most nurses work in a hospital setting and community settings. However, adult nurses are not just limited to these fields.

Qualified and experienced adult nurses can also work as nurse trainers delivering health education in various environments, including;

  • Prisons
  • Residential nursing homes
  • Emergency helplines
  • Occupational health
  • Air ambulance services
  • The armed forces
  • Holiday companies
  • Leisure cruise ships
  • Voluntary organisations

Qualifications of Studying Adult Nursing

The grades and academic requirements to become an adult nurse vary depending on the institution. You can always confirm the requirements from the institution you’re interested in before applying.

You will need at least two A-Levels in sciences like biology, mathematics, chemistry, physics, or psychology. You will also need five GCSEs in grades C and above, mostly in Math’s English and Science, among other academic and security requirements.

Difference Between a Doctor and a Nurse

It seems very easy to tell a doctor from a nurse in a hospital. After all, even their uniforms are different. However, besides a few letters and their clothing, are there any differences between a doctor and a nurse?

If you’ve been to a hospital multiple times, you might find yourself struggling with the technicality between nurses and doctors. They all seem to be doing the same things and, in some cases, nurses seem like they work harder than doctors. However, nurses are not doctors. There are similarities and differences in the professions.

What They Have in Common

Before we can look at where the professions divulge, it’s better to start with what is easier to understand to create a basis from which we can look at the differences.

Some of the services that both doctors and nurses can performing include:

  • Ordering and interpreting imaging results
  • Diagnosing and treating illnesses
  • Performing preventative exams (medicare wellness visits and annual physicals)
  • Writing prescriptions

It’s however important to note that different nurses have different scopes. The extent of what they can practice and do depends on their field of specialisation and their location.

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Differences Between Nurses and Doctors

Although in a hospital setting doctors might be confused for nurses especially when their attires look similar, the two professions are different on many levels.


Both doctors and nurses go through intensive training before entering the medical profession. But, the length and scope of their education are different. Becoming a doctor requires that you first attend medical school where you attain an undergraduate or postgraduate medical degree. Depending on the science course you take, this could take anywhere between four to six years.

Doctors then go on to complete a two-year foundation programme to prepare for specialist training. Doctors can choose to complete the three-year specialist training programme to become a GP or study a further five to eight years in a specialist field.

The road to becoming a nurse is much easier and shorter. Nurses must also complete a degree. Once they decide which area of nursing they wish to pursue, they can complete a course that only takes three years.

Upon completing the course, the nurse can register with the necessary council and obtain the required license and certification to practice. For most nurses, this is where their formal education stops.


It’s easy to think that most medical providers work under a unified governing body. However, nurses and doctors have different licensing bodies, sit for different exams and there are different recertification requirements for doctors and nurses depending on the field.

Both nurses and doctors have to pass a standardised exam to obtain their licenses. However, the exams vary depending on the profession and the area of specialisation.

Salary Expectations

The salary expectation for each profession shows the extent of medical training taken for each career path. Doctors typically earn substantially higher salaries than nurses. However, the salaries can vary depending on the region, employer and speciality.

For nurses, the base salary is about £29,532 per year while the base salary of a physician is around £59,195 per year.

Senior registered nurses can earn high salaries as well depending on their training and experience that can go as high as £60,943 per year. But compared to salaries of upper-level doctors like oncologists and other specialised doctors, who can earn up to £100,000 per year, doctors still demand a higher salary than nurses of equal experience and training.

Patient Interaction

Doctors and nurses have varying amounts of time spent in direct contact with patients. Nurses tend to spend more time interacting with patients directly than doctors do. Many of their day-to-day tasks involve maintaining patient care.

Doctors on the other hand spend more time completing paperwork in relation to patient care than seeing the patients face to face.

It is however important to note that the time spent with patients varies between specialities. Doctors placed in communities might spend more hours with patients than senior consultants in a hospital environment.

Philosophical Focuses

At their core, doctors are scientists. Their work is to study diseases and find ways to cure them. Nurses on the other hand are healers. They focus on the care and wellness of their patient’s bodies and minds. There is a slight difference in how both professionals approach patient care. While nurses believe in putting in the work and being there and ensuring their patients are comfortable, doctors are more laid back and reliant on modern science.

Understanding the differences between nurses and doctors will not just help you to tell the two apart next time you’re at the hospital, it could also help you identify the best career path for you. If you prefer taking the journey and spending time with patients, you might find better satisfaction in a career as a nurse than a doctor.

What Makes a Good Nurse?

Nursing is considered one of the most rewarding jobs. It is more than a career – it is a calling. It takes a special kind of person to pursue nursing with diligence, passion and commitment. But that is not all there is to nursing.

Rewarding as it is, the nursing profession is riddled with challenges and unpredictability. It is more than just completing the rigorous education and testing requirements. Before you join nursing, it’s essential to know if you would make a good nurse. Not just based on the grades (which play a critical part) but other qualities and traits as well.

  1. Caring

Caring is the foundation of nursing. Without caring, it doesn’t matter how good your nursing skills are; you cannot be compassionate and provide quality care to others.

The entire profession of nursing is about caring for other people at their most vulnerable and scary times of their lives. Most of the time, the nurse is the most accessible and regular access point for families and loved ones of the patient. It calls for compassion, concern and sympathy not only for the patients they serve but also for their families and loved ones.

  1. Great communicator

Communication is one of the core requirements of any nursing job. A great nurse should be able to follow directions and communicate effectively with patients, colleagues and families.

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Good nurses are supportive, which includes being an effective advocate for the patient and being able to anticipate problems or see a concern that needs to be addressed and addressing it before the patient can ask.

Communication in nursing takes various forms. It includes genuine smiles and good body language. A good nurse has multiple ways to communicate to make the patient feel comfortable and at ease knowing they are well cared for.

  1. Empathy

Empathy is often confused with being caring and compassionate. But empathy is the ability to hear and share the patient’s feelings. You don’t always have to agree with what the patient or their family thinks, but you should try to understand where they’re coming from.

You don’t have to internalise their pain or suffering, which is important for your well-being, but you should listen and try to understand where they are coming from.

With empathy, a great nurse can make a patient feel seen and heard. The nurse shouldn’t make the patient feel judged, and they should feel that their opinion matters and their values and life experience have been heard and at times considered.

  1. Attention to detail

Providing quality medical care requires keen attention to detail which is critical for the profession. Even in the most chaotic circumstances, a good nurse should be detail-oriented and ensure that instructions are followed to the letter.

A good nurse should be observant and ensure proper medication dosages are administered and keep accurate medical records for the patient.

In the home setting, the nurse serves as a detail-oriented coordinator of the patient’s care. Good nurses are always the first ones to notice subtle changes in the patient’s medical condition and alert physicians and other healthcare team members of potential concerns before they get worse.

  1. Excellent problem-solving skills

Good nurses can think on their feet, act quickly and anticipate and address problems. Although patients might suffer from similar illnesses, most nurses will tell you no two patients are ever the same. It’s the nurse’s job to individualise the best care for each patient.

Quality care is dynamic and, at times, unpredictable. A good nurse is always willing to be flexible and adapt to unforeseen circumstances. The nurse should have a calm head, make important and potentially life-saving decisions while facing unexpected events. Finding creative ways to make a difference and approach different situations is also in line with the career of nursing.


Formal training is just a small part of being a good nurse. Most of the factors that separate nurses and good nurses are inborn characteristics and qualities that are impossible to teach. That is why nursing is often considered a calling and not a profession.

Why is Teamwork Important in Nursing?

In the modern healthcare industry, patient care is a result of multiple professionals working towards the same goal. Nurses have to work closely with other professionals in the medical field like physicians and specialist nurses to provide comprehensive care. This makes teamwork critical for comprehensive care and enhancing positive patient outcomes.

The role of teamwork in nursing is so crucial that it is thoroughly encouraged in the profession. Most nursing graduates come into the field with a strong foundation of how to effectively collaborate with other nurses and health professionals for the good of the patient.

Here are some reasons why teamwork in nursing is essential:

Better Patient Outcome and Satisfaction

Teamwork in nursing fosters collaboration and ensures patient better patient safety and care. Collaboration requires that the nurses work with various other teams in the healthcare industry to provide care to the patient, while teamwork ensures they work cordially together to produce the best and most efficient results.

Teamwork and collaboration are critical to the success and satisfaction of any patient regardless of the size of the facility and are both central to health care.

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Higher Job Satisfaction

Nursing careers present many challenges which can drain and frustrate even the most passionate and dedicated nurses. Teamwork can help nurses maintain a high level of job satisfaction and avoid potential burnout.

When nurses have access to coordinated teams with organised lines of communication and teamwork, nurses can share workloads and workplace responsibilities, creating a more effective and more satisfied workforce that reflects positives on the nurses, patients and the facility.

Better Professional Accountability

Teamwork contributes directly to accountability in nursing. Daily challenges in the nursing field require constant changes to policies and procedures. By ensuring health professionals work together, they can hold each other countable and act as a checking system to ensure everything is done according to protocol.

In healthcare environments where team huddles are held less frequently, accountability suffers. Nurses who have attentive supervisors on their teams or partners who check and assess their work tend to have more accountability. This is critical in the healthcare industry, where errors can have a dramatic impact on patient outcomes.

Lower Rates of Job Turnover

Employee turnover is one of the major problems for hospitals. A high turnover means the hospital cannot sustain an ideal workforce to properly care for all the patients. Hospitals that have an increased emphasis on teamwork have lower turnover rates because the nurses are more satisfied with their jobs.

A higher job satisfaction reduces turnover, and better teamwork can contribute to higher job satisfaction hence lowering turnover.

Better Engagement in the Workplace

Workplace relationships are a critical part of the success of a healthcare facility and go a long way in contributing to engagement. Nurses are more engaged, knowing the team they are in would not quit in the face of difficulties.

Teamwork breeds a sense of belonging and helps colleagues to quickly adapt to challenges or crises. Nurses who are highly engaging in the workplace are usually more motivated and tend to always provide better levels of care. This can go a long way in combating burnout which is quite common in the nursing field.

Nursing is a profession that thrives on teamwork and collaboration. Teamwork encourages success for the nurses and the facilities they work in and, most importantly, for the patients.